The Synergies of Refining, Trading and Supply - TRR 

CPE Credits Awarded: 40
Categories: Trading, Derivatives, Hedging and Risk Management, Oil Industry, Oil Supply and Trading, Refining

Course Code Date Duration Venue Price Register
TDMC Open date - Not scheduled. Please enquire.

Gold Course This advanced course is designed to provide delegates with a thorough understanding of the latest business techniques and refining technologies available to the oil supply, trading and refining industries, and highlights how the activities of these sectors may be optimised and synergised to maximise overall profitability. Through a variety of case studies, delegates will learn the principles of refinery planning and economics along with basic principles and techniques involved in trading and supply. Delegates will focus on the synergies between these sectors to maximise corporate profitability. Short-term operations and medium-term planning using linear programming and long-term investment decisions are addressed. It is recommended that delegates should have attended SP1 or have working knowledge of the subjects covered in that course. There are no pre-requisites for this course, nor is any advanced preparation required.

Please take note of the number of training days listed in the schedule,as it varies by location.

What you will learn

  • The influence of the world energy outlook on refining economics
  • Selection of the optimum crude slate
  • Using the trading market to maximise refining profitability
  • The economics and technologies of refining
  • Effective planning and optimisation of the refinery operation
  • Supply, refining and distribution optimisation in a multiple refinery scenario
  • Capturing added value by blending
  • Processing - the commercial opportunities
  • Adding value within the logistical chain
  • Economic analysis of supply/refining
  • Project investment evaluation
  • Locking in the return of capital invested
  • Measuring refinery performance
  • Confronting the future of the refining industry - strategies and constraints


Do you have a question or enquiry regarding this course?

Please contact your local sales team:

Asia Pacific Europe, Middle East, Africa, Central & South America North America

Personnel within the refining sector who have a direct involvement in the efficiency and profitability of the refinery operation and its interaction with the supply trading functions (e.g. planners and engineers). Personnel within the supply trading sector who have a direct involvement with the refinery operations, influencing its efficiency and profitability (e.g. traders and supply operators). Managerial staff within refining and supply trading who have responsibility for the overall profitability of their respective areas and synergistic relationships between these groups to enhance corporate profitability and analysts with refinery finance and investment.


  • Terms used
  • Units used


  • Supply/demand
  • Refinery utilisation

Crude Oil Valuation

  • Crude oil characterisation
  • GPW
  • Netback and refiners margin

Tanker Markets

  • Freight and Worldscale
  • Tanker characteristics


  • Products, key qualities
  • Overview of processes

Oil Markets

  • Physical markets
  • Pricing mechanisms
  • Price risk
  • Understanding long and short positions

Paper Markets

  • Futures
  • Forwards
  • Swaps
  • Hedging tools
  • Basic risks

Processing Deals

  • Exchange deals
  • Product quality
  • Specifications
  • Blending
  • Component valuation

Economics of Refining Processes

  • Distillation
  • Reforming, isomerisation, alkylation
  • Visbreaking, coking
  • Cat-cracking, hydrocracking
  • Lubes, bitumen and petrochemicals
  • Utilities

Refining and Supply Planning

  • Fundamentals of linear programming
  • Interpreting the LP solution
  • Trading techniques to lock in the "solution"
  • Logistical optimisation amongst refineries
  • Medium and long term planning
  • Scheduling-planning interface

Refinery Margin

  • Hedging the margin
  • Capitalising the margin
  • Realising a target or budget margin

Project Investment

  • DCF analysis
  • Strategic decisions
  • Trading techniques to lock in the return on capital
  • Trading techniques to fund the investment
  • Future challenges facing the industry


Dr Ian Holdaway


This was very useful, beneficial and full of great content for our knowledge. The lecturers were very kind and friendly; we felt that we were at home! – A.A., Kuwait Petroleum Corporation

Some very good and challenging exercises facilitated by experienced tutors! – L.D., Shell

If you have attended a past course please provide us with some feedback.

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